What happens if a tattoo is applied?

When a Tattoo is applied an ink is inserted into the skin. The ink particles reach an area underneath the Epidermis at a depth of 0,5 to 2 mm. During the healing, the immune system tries to remove to foreign substance. The colour pigments are too big to be removed, so they are isolated from the surrounding tissue by connective tissue. In accidents dirt particles might insert into the skin and the body reacts in the same way. It builds a dirt tattoo.


How does laser tattoo removal work?

The laser beam enters the skin, it interfaces the epidermis layer and the upper layer of the ink or dirt particles absorbs the light energy. Through the mechanical effect of short light shots, the enclosed ink pigments are abruptly blasted and pulverised. Afterwards the pulverised pigments can easily be removed by the body’s own lymph system. 

For removal of Tattoos, a number of treatments are necessary to destroy all ink pigments. The number the treatments depends on the Tattoos colour density, colour depth, tone and the size and location of the tattoo. 


Which tattoo colors can be removed?

Overall, green-based ink is the most difficult to remove. Black ink is most readily broken down by the laser, and unprofessional tattoos done at home are the easiest ones to remove, due to the low quality of ink used, as well as the ineffective manner in which they were applied.


What is the treatment process?

The distance of the hand piece of the laser is put onto the skin. After the activation of the Laser with the foot switch a light impulse is sent which feels like a small scratch. The areas to be treated are then moved over with the handpiece of the laser. The treated area looks white, and it shows blisters. After the treatment reddening of the skin and a strong feeling of warmth may occur. After a few hours the treated areas might darken and a small crust can build up. This degenerates within a few days. Do not pick at it.

How many sessions are needed to remove a tattoo?

To remove tattoos, a number of treatments are necessary to destroy all ink pigments. The number of treatments depends on the tattoo’s color density, color depth, tone and the size and location of the tattoo. As is the case with permanent makeup, color changes may occur with new tattoos. Please try to provide a color sample so the attributes of the color can be tested before treatment. The treatments are performed with an interval of six to eight weeks.

What needs to be considered following treatment?

Cool the treated skin for as long as is comfortable for you. If crusts form, leave them alone. Protect treated areas from sunlight or intensive light (tanning salons) for at least six weeks – use suntan cream (SPF 20-50) if you stay outside longer.

PicoSure versus Q-Switched 

The Q-Switched Asclepion Tattoo StarEffect offers three true wavelengths (1064, 694 and 532) needed to successfully remove a full spectrum of color.

The PicoSure laser only offers one wavelength (755). The 755 wavelength was one of the first wavelengths used in tattoo removal and has two main pitfalls: it does not target specific ink colors and it passes right by red ink and can stop short of deep black colors. The PicoSure does have positive results in fading or removing tattoos, but its wavelength inhibits it from hitting exactly where it should in the skin to have ideal responses for complete removal. Also, the PicoSure can not remove red inks.

A recent study by the Journal of Laser and Health Academy concluded: “The published literature and our preliminary results seem to indicate that current “picosecond” lasers are not expected to have a significantly better tattoo clearance effect in comparison with the “gold standard” Q-switched nanosecond tattoo lasers. … It is our opinion that top-of-the-line Q-switched nanosecond lasers will remain the devices of choice for tattoo removal.”

What complications may occur?

No treatment is totally risk-free.

Normally laser-treatment is very low in risk. Lightening of the skin or hyper-pigmentation can temporarily occur. Both is regulated by the skin itself. In very few occasions small scars can occur.